Angeline Palmer, after mother died of smallpox she grew up a ward of the town of Amherst; at 11-years old she was the servant of Mason Shaw’s daughter and son-in-law who lived in his Belchertown home. In 1840, Shaw planned to take her to Georgia where he had investments with the intention to sell her into slavery.

Three Amherst men were put on trial for liberating Angeline:

Henry Jackson, local teamster who was thought very loyal to the sheriff’s office

William Jennings, oldest of the three Underground Railroad conductors

Lewis Frazier, brother of Angeline who organizes to rescue his sister

Edward Dickinson, lawyer for Angeline’s liberators.

David Ruggles, contributor to The Liberator and other abolitionist newspapers.


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