Exceptional prosodification effects revisited in Gradient Harmonic Grammar
direct link: http://ling.auf.net/lingbuzz/003846
In exceptional prosodification effects, individual lexical items pattern phonologically as if they occur in a prosodic structure that is inconsistent with the regular syntax-prosody mapping. These patterns have been analyzed as cases of prosodic prespecification (Inkelas 1989, Zec 2005), where morphemes subcategorize for a (non-default) prosodic representation. This paper argues that prespecification approaches should be reconsidered, and shows that such patterns are predicted to arise without morpheme-specific prosody in a weighted constraint system with gradiently active symbols, Gradient Harmonic Grammar (Smolensky et al. 2014; Smolensky and Goldrick 2016). Exceptional prosodification effects result from the interaction of two constraint penalty manipulations with independent support:  scaling of constraint violations according to prosodic context (Hsu and Jesney 2016) and  contrastive levels of activity in underlying forms (Smolensky and Goldrick 2016). The interaction is illustrated in an analysis of the distribution of French nasal vowels and linking [n]. This approach reduces the amount of structure posited for URs, and provides new arguments for a more uniform syntax-prosody mapping.
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|keywords:||nasal vowels, liaison, exceptionality, syntax-prosody interface, gradient symbolic representations, harmonic grammar, phonology|