Dabouis 2017: When Accent Preservation Leads to Clash

Direct link: http://roa.rutgers.edu/content/article/files/1673_dabouis_1.pdf

ROA: 1315
Title: When Accent Preservation Leads to Clash
Authors: Quentin Dabouis
Length: 44pp
Abstract: In English, some complex words can display exceptional accent preservation (EAP): they can preserve an accent from their base even when this would violate a general restriction against adjacent accents (e.g. retúrn → retùrnée). This paper analyses EAP both empirically and theoretically. The analysis of a set of 291 derivatives from Wells (2008) shows that this phenomenon can be partially attributed to the relative frequency of the base and its derivative and partially also to syllable structure, and that these two factors have a cumulative effect. It is also shown that the existence of a more deeply embedded base (e.g. colléct → colléctive → còllectívity ~ collèctívity) can increase the likelihood for a derivative to display EAP. A formal account of the phenomenon is proposed building on Collie’s (2007, 2008) ‘fake cycicity’ analysis, using weighted constraints (Pater 2009, 2016) and Max-Ent-OT (Goldwater & Johnson 2003). Finally, a model of lexical access building on Hay’s (2001, 2003) model and integrating more deeply embedded bases is proposed.
Type: Paper/tech report
Keywords: Phonology, English, stress, accent, faithfulness, preservation, clash, frequency, cyclicity, lexical access