Downloadable papers

(see CV for a complete list of older publications).

Lee, Seung Suk, Cerys Hughes, Alessa Farinella, and Joe Pater. To appear 2023. Learning Stress with Feet and Grids. In the Proceedings of the 2022 Annual Meeting on Phonology.

Moore-Cantwell, Claire, Joe Pater, Robert Staubs, Benjamin Zobel and Lisa Sanders. To appear. Event-related potential evidence of abstract phonological learning in the laboratory. Language and Speech.

Pater, Joe and Brandon Prickett. 2022. Typological gaps in iambic nonfinality correlate with learning difficulty. In the Proceedings of the 2021 Annual Meeting on Phonology. DOI:

White, Christopher, Joe Pater and Mara Breen. 2022. A Comparative Analysis of Melodic Rhythm in Two Corpora of American Popular Music. Journal of Mathematics and Music. DOI: 10.1080/17459737.2022.2075946

Prickett, Brandon, Aaron Traylor and Joe Pater. 2022. Learning Reduplication with a Neural Network that Lacks Explicit Variables. Journal of Language Modeling Vol. 10, Number 1. 1-38. DOI: 10.15398/jlm.v10i1.274

Prickett, Brandon and Joe Pater. 2022. Learning Stress Patterns with a Sequence-to-Sequence Neural Network. Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics: Vol. 5 , Article 10.

Nelson, Max, Brandon Prickett, and Joe Pater. 2021. Capturing phonotactic learning biases with a simple RNN. Proceedings of the 2021 Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics.

Moreton, Elliott, Brandon Prickett, Katya Pertsova, Josh Fennell, Joe Pater, and Lisa Sanders. 2021. Learning Repetition, but not Syllable Reversal. In Ryan Bennett, Richard Bibbs, Mykel Loren Brinkerhoff, Max J. Kaplan, Stephanie Rich, Nicholas Van Handel & Maya Wax Cavallaro (eds.), Supplemental Proceedings of the 2020 Annual Meeting on Phonology. Washington, DC: Linguistic Society of America. DOI:

Smith, Brian W. and Joe Pater. 2020. French schwa and gradient cumulativity. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics, 5(1), p.24. DOI:

Pater, Joe. 2019. Phonological typology in Optimality Theory and Formal Language Theory: Goals and future directionsPhonology, vol. 36, 2019, pp. 351–353, doi:10.1017/S0952675719000162.

Pater, Joe. 2019. Generative linguistics and neural networks at 60: foundation, friction, and fusion. Language 95/1, pp. e41-e74. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/lan.2019.0009. Published replies and blog discussion.

Prickett, Brandon, Kaden Holladay, Shay Hucklebridge, Max Nelson, Rajesh Bhatt, Gaja Jarosz, Kyle Johnson, Aleksei Nazarov, and Joe Pater. 2019. Learning syntactic parameters without triggers by assigning credit and blame. To appear in the Proceedings of the 55th meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society. 

Prickett, Brandon, Aaron Traylor and Joe Pater. 2018. Seq2Seq Models with Dropout can Learn Generalizable ReduplicationProceedings of SIGMORPHON 2018.

Pater, Joe. 2018. Substance matters: a reply to Jardine (2016). Phonology 35/1, 151-156.

Nazarov, Aleksei and Joe Pater. 2017. Learning opacity in Stratal Maximum Entropy Grammar. Phonology 34/2, 299-324.

Moore-Cantwell, Claire and Joe Pater. 2016. Gradient Exceptionality in Maximum Entropy Grammar with Lexically Specific Constraints. Catalan Journal of Linguistics 15, 53-66.

Boersma, Paul and Joe Pater. 2016. Convergence properties of a gradual learning algorithm for Harmonic Grammar. In John McCarthy and Joe Pater, eds. Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism. London: Equinox Press.

McCarthy, John J., Joe Pater, and Kathryn Pruitt. 2016.Cross-level interactions in Harmonic Serialism. In John McCarthy and Joe Pater, eds. Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism. London: Equinox Press.

Pater, Joe. 2016. Universal Grammar with Weighted Constraints. In John McCarthy and Joe Pater, eds. Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism. London: Equinox Press. (A presentation aimed more squarely at a phonological audience of material from the 2009 Cognitive Science paper and the 2009 Harmonic Mind review, plus new material on scalar constraints and some other smaller additions. In other words, start here on HG and OT-style typology).

Staubs, Robert and Joe Pater. 2016. Learning serial constraint-based grammars. In John McCarthy and Joe Pater, eds. Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism. London: Equinox Press.

Staubs, Robert and Joe Pater. 2016. Emergent contrast in agent-based modeling of language. In Short ’schrift for Alan Prince, compiled by Eric Baković. (Very slightly revised version of 2015 paper).

Johnson, Mark, Joe Pater, Robert Staubs and Emmanuel Dupoux. 2015. Sign constraints on feature weights improve a joint model of word segmentation and phonology. Proceedings of Human Language Technologies: The 2015 Annual Conference of the North American Chapter of the ACL, pages 303–313.

Moreton, Elliott, Joe Pater and Katya Pertsova. 2015. Phonological concept learning. Cognitive Science. 1-66. DOI: 10.1111/cogs.12319

Pater, Joe. 2014. Canadian Raising with Language-Specific Weighted Constraints. Language 90/1. 230-240.

Kager, René and Joe Pater. 2012. Phonotactics as phonology: Knowledge of a complex restriction in Dutch. Phonology 29, 81-111.

Moreton, Elliott and Joe Pater. 2012. Structure and substance in artificial-phonology learning. Part 1: StructurePart II: SubstanceLanguage and Linguistics Compass 6 (11): 686–701 and 702–718.(revised version of earlier ms. circulated as Learning of Artificial Phonology: A Review).

Pater, Joe. 2012. Serial Harmonic Grammar and Berber syllabification. In Toni Borowsky, Shigeto Kawahara, Takahito Shinya and Mariko Sugahara (eds.) Prosody Matters: Essays in Honor of Elisabeth O. Selkirk. London: Equinox Press. 43-72.

Pater, Joe. 2012. Emergent systemic simplicity (and complexity). In J. Loughran and A. McKillen (eds.) Proceedings from Phonology in the 21st Century: In Honour of Glyne Piggott. McGill Working Papers in Linguistics 22(1).

Pater, Joe and Elliott Moreton. 2012. Structurally biased phonology: Complexity in learning and typology. In a special issue of the EFL Journal on phonology, edited by K.G. Vijayakrishnan (The Journal of the English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad), 1-44.

Pater, Joe, Robert Staubs, Karen Jesney and Brian Smith. 2012. Learning probabilities over underlying representations. In the Proceedings of the Twelfth Meeting of the ACL-SIGMORPHON: Computational Research in Phonetics, Phonology, and Morphology. 62-71.

Coetzee, Andries and Joe Pater. 2011. The place of variation in phonological theory. In John Goldsmith, Jason Riggle, and Alan Yu (eds.), The Handbook of Phonological Theory (2nd ed.). Blackwell. 401-431.

Pater, Joe. 2010. Morpheme-Specific Phonology: Constraint Indexation and Inconsistency Resolution. In Steve Parker, (ed.) Phonological Argumentation: Essays on Evidence and Motivation. London: Equinox. 123-154.

Potts, Christopher, Joe Pater, Karen Jesney, Rajesh Bhatt and Michael Becker. 2010. Harmonic Grammar with Linear Programming: From linear systems to linguistic typology. Phonology 27: 77-117.

Pater, Joe. 2009. Weighted Constraints in Generative Linguistics. Cognitive Science 33: 999-1035.

Pater, Joe. 2009. Review of Smolensky and Legendre (2006). The Harmonic Mind. Phonology 26: 217-226.

Coetzee, Andries and Joe Pater. 2008. Weighted constraints and gradient restrictions on place co-occurrence in Muna and Arabic. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 26: 289-337.

Pater, Joe. 2008. Gradual learning and convergence. Linguistic Inquiry 39/2. 334-345.

Lee, Shinsook, and Joe Pater. 2008. Phonological inference and word recognition: Evidence from Korean. Ms, Korea University and University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Pater, Joe, Rajesh Bhatt and Christopher Potts. 2007. Linguistic Optimization. Ms, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. (“Weighted Constraints and Generative Linguistics” above is a revised version of much of this.)

Pater, Joe. 2007. The Locus of Exceptionality: Morpheme-Specific Phonology as Constraint Indexation. In University of Massachusetts Occacional Papers 32: Papers in Optimality Theory III. Leah Bateman, Michael O’Keefe, Ehren Reilly and Adam Werle (eds.). Pp. 259-296 (“Morpheme-Specific Phonology” above is a revised version of most of this).

Pater, Joe and Anne-Michelle Tessier. 2006. L1 Phonotactic Knowledge and the L2 Acquisition of Alternations. In R. Slabakova, S. Montrul, and P. Prévost (eds.), Inquiries in Linguistic Development: Studies in Honor of Lydia White. John Benjamins Publishing Company, Amsterdam/Philadelphia. 115-131. (link to e-book works only for UMass).

Pater, Joe. 2005. Learning a stratified grammar. In Alejna Brugos, Manuella R. Clark-Cotton, and Seungwan Ha eds. Proceedings of the 29th Boston University Conference on Language Development. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press. 482-492.

Pater, Joe. 2004. Austronesian nasal substitution and other NC effects. In J. McCarthy, ed., Optimality Theory in Phonology: A Reader. Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell [Edited and slightly revised version of Pater 1999].

Pater, Joe. 2003. Balantak metathesis and theories of possible repair in Optimality Theory. Ms, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Pater, Joe and Jessica Barlow. 2003. Constraint conflict in cluster reduction. Journal of Child Language 30, 487-526.

Pater, Joe. 2002. Form and Substance in Phonological Development. In Line Mikkelson and Chris Potts, eds. WCCFL 21 Proceedings. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press. 348-372.

Pater, Joe. 2001. Austronesian nasal substitution revisited. In L. Lombardi, (ed.) Segmental phonology in Optimality Theory: Constraints and Representations. Cambridge University Press. 159-182.

Pater, Joe. 2000. Nonuniformity in English stress: the role of ranked and lexically specific constraints. Phonology 17:2. 237-274.

Pater, Joe. 1999. Austronesian Nasal Substitution and Other NC Effects. In Rene Kager, Harry van der Hulst, and Wim Zonneveld, eds., The Prosody Morphology Interface. Cambridge University Press. 310-343.

Pater, Joe. 1999. Review of Bernhardt and Stemberger (1998) Handbook of Phonological Development. Phonology 16, 1. 105-114.

Pater, Joe. 1997. Minimal Violation and Phonological Development. Language Acquisition 6:3. 201-253.