Replacement of Plastic Bags with Reusable Hemp Bags

Derek Castiglione: Natural Resource Conservation

Theodore Doucette: Pre-vet

Charles Sclafani: Earth Systems

Plastic pollution in our oceans

Located halfway between California and Hawaii, is the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. It is the largest aggregation of plastic in the world. At 1.6 million square kilometers, it is double the size of Texas and made up of over 1.8 trillion pieces of plastic weighing over 80,000 metric tonnes. With data showing the patch is growing exponentially, it is unlikely the plastic is going to go away by itself (The Ocean Cleanup, 2019). Plastic bags pose a threat to biodiversity in the ocean. Over 200 different species are harmed by plastic pollution in the ocean and 100,000 marine animals are killed by plastic bags annually (Richards, 2008). The loss or reduction of these species can lead to a cascading effect that can affect the entire trophic web if not dealt with. If we do not take action regarding plastic pollution, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch and other garbage patches around the world will continue to grow until our entire oceans are littered with plastic, and by then it will be too late.

Transition. Single-use plastic refers to plastic packaging and plastic bags. In 2013, about 299 million metric tonnes (~660 billion pounds) of plastic were produced worldwide and almost 40% of it was single-use plastic (Green, Blockley, Bas, Carlos, & Richard, 2015, p. #). A major source of single-use plastic pollution is plastic bags, which we will be focusing on for this paper. Plastic has become a problem because once it is created it does not get broken down (Kimmel, 2014). Because of this plastics have reached all corners of the globe due to their convenience and economic viability. Plastics are convenient, cheap to produce, and currently, there is no alternative material that is being made on a wide scale that can completely replace single-use plastic. Plastic pollution will continue to litter the earth unless we find a suitable alternative. Our goal is to reduce the amount of plastic pollution on the earth by replacing plastic bags with reusable hemp bags through legislation.

Since plastics are so cheap and easy to come by, people often do not think twice before purchasing something at a grocery store and using a plastic bag. This results in litter and since the plastic is not recyclable, it often goes to landfills. Politically speaking, there are several areas where single-use plastic has been restricted but most of the US has yet to make this change (Larson, 2014)(NCLS, 2019). This is because it is a cheap and effective material for making plastic bags. With new legislation, a reasonably cheap and more environmentally friendly alternative to single-use plastic may come in the future, but right now effective single-use alternative plastics do not exist. Although it may not be cost-effective to remove plastics from our everyday life, it is necessary for ensuring the health of the earth.

One animal that is being harmed by plastic pollution is whales. All over the world, dead whales are washing up on beaches with large amounts of plastic in their stomach. Just last month a whale washed up on a beach in the Philippines was found to have 88 pounds of plastic in its stomach. This kills them by providing a false sense of fullness with no nutritional value, which leads to loss of weight, swimming speed, and with no way to digest or expel the plastic, it accumulates until the whale dies (Victor, 2019). This is not an isolated incident either. Just a few weeks ago, 48 pounds of plastic were found inside a dead sperm whale in Italy and 13 pounds inside a dead whale last year in Indonesia, which included 25 plastic bags (Magra, 2019) (Osborne, 2018).

Banning plastic bags needs to happen sooner rather than later to prevent making matters worse as time goes on. Plastic bags are so common that they are going to need a replacement so it will not hinder people’s daily lives when they are banned. Before plastic bags were invented, people used paper, cloth, or metal containers to carry things (Narasimhan, 2016) People were able to get by without plastic in the past and we can do so in the future. Grocery stores will have to go without giving away single-use bags and/or allow people to purchase a reusable bag with their groceries if shoppers do not bring their own.

Plastic shopping bags are one of the major pieces of single use plastic pollution. There are two major solutions to reducing the amount of plastic bags entering into the ocean. One is a ban on plastic bags, which is already in effect in some parts of the U.S. and in other countries around the world. The other is a plastic tax. This tax of a few cents would be applied per plastic bag. Each solution has a different approach to achieve the same goal; decreasing the number of plastic bags polluting the environment. The idea of banning all plastic bags is fairly new. The first statewide ban on plastic bags was in 2014 in California. The law banned food retailers and pharmacies from providing plastic bags to customers, with other stores like liquor stores and convenience markets given a longer grace period to comply (Scientific American). In San Jose, a ban was put into place in 2012 which decreased plastic bags in storm drains by 89%, rivers by 60%, and residential plastic waste by 59% (NCSL, 2019). Before California, Hawaii introduced a de facto ban on plastic bags and paper bags with less than 40 percent recycled material when the state’s most populous counties began prohibiting non-biodegradable plastic bags. These bans began in 2011, with Honolulu being the last major city to comply in 2015 (National Conference of State Legislatures [NCSL], 4/5/2019). Just this year New York became the third state to ban plastic bags when the state senate passed a bill banning most single use plastic bags at big retailers going into effect in March of 2020. The law also allows individual counties the option to placing a 5 cent fee on paper bags, with the funds going to the states Environmental Protection Fund (NCSL, 2019). The method of achieving the goal for an all out ban is obviously by completely removing the choice of using a plastic bag. A plastic tax aims to achieve that same goal, but instead of removing the option of a plastic bag, it instead aims to discourage the behavior with a financial cost without removing the option all together. A major voice of dissent is over whether the tax is actually effective. Washington D.C. imposed a 5 cent tax on single use plastic bags in 2010. In 2009, D.C. was using 22.5 million plastic bags per month. After the tax went into effect, D.C. is down to just 3 million plastic bags per month (Assadourian, 2010). Other notable cities with plastic bag bans and fees are Boulder, New York City, Chicago, Seattle, San Francisco, and Los Angeles (NCSL, 2019). Even though many people in America are hesitant to even limit their choices on plastic bags, other countries around the world are way ahead of us in terms of reacting to climate change and global pollution by plastics. The Prime Minister of India has said that India will ban all forms of single use plastics by 2022, and other countries like Kenya and Rwanda have already implemented complete bans (Hitchings-Hales, 2018)

Next, we have to make sure that alternative bags are more environmentally friendly than single-use plastic bags. A suitable alternative material to use for reusable bags would be hemp. Hemp is a source of fiber that comes from the plant species Cannabis sativa and production is heavily restricted by drug enforcement laws. As it stands right now, 1 acre of hemp can yield 1300 pounds of fiber on average (National Conference of State Legislatures [NCSL], 2019). To put things in perspective, the USDA estimates that about 769 pounds of cotton can be produced per acre (United States Department of Agriculture [USDA], 2016). That means hemp can be produced in greater quantities faster, and with fewer resources than cotton. It also has a high degree of stiffness and strength while also being lightweight making it perfect for grocery bags (Liu et al., 2017). Our proposal is that government legislation should be put into place banning plastic bags but also requiring that grocery stores have reusable hemp bags on site for sale at all times. This way, even if people forget their bags at home, they are able to purchase one along with their groceries. This will encourage people to remember their bags from home so they do not have to pay an extra couple of dollars every time they go shopping. The biggest obstacle right now for our proposal is the restriction of the production of Cannabis. Another obstacle is enacting legislation to ban plastic bags. Legislation has already been passed in places banning plastic bags but it is not currently legal everywhere to grow the hemp fiber. Many states have reported that if restrictions on growing hemp were removed, agricultural producers would benefit from hemp and its many uses. It is great for crop rotation and less environmentally degrading than other crops (Johnson, 2018). In 2018, 38 states considered legislation related to industrial hemp meaning that production could begin soon. In fact, states such as Colorado, Kentucky, and North Carolina have already created laws allowing programs for the research and production of hemp (NCSL, 2019).

Now, all we need is an effective replacement for the plastic bags that will not damage the environment and increased hemp production can provide that for us.

One of the biggest problems with getting rid of plastic bags is that they are incredibly convenient and available at every store you go to. Our solution to this problem is to create a policy that bans plastic bags and requires people to use reusable bags (at least until an environmentally friendly version of plastic becomes more readily available). Reusable shopping bags are relatively cheap and so they could be bought at the same time as groceries and this will hopefully encourage people to remember their reusable bag from home whenever they go shopping. This law would have to be enforced but as long as stores comply and no longer use plastic bags then this should be doable especially since states have already put similar bans into place i.e. Hawaii and California. Each year, Americans take home enough plastic bags to circle the earth 1300 times (Larsen, 2014). This will only work if the reusable plastic bags are faithfully used by consumers so they are not just buying a new one every time they go grocery shopping. If in some time, not enough people are bringing their reusable plastic bags to the store, the price of the reusable bags could be raised in order to mitigate the number of people just buying new ones every time they go out.

Our solution of banning plastic bags and mandating that reusable bags be used comes with a resistant audience who will take issue with this new policy. Banning plastic bags would be an inconvenience to many people who would rather just use a plastic bag for free rather than pay for a reusable one. There are also people who may wish to replace regular old petroleum-based plastic bags with bioplastic, petroleum-based biodegradable plastic bags, or even paper bags. These replacements come with issues that make them unsuited for filling the void that normal plastic bags currently fill. There are several types of bags that could replace single-use plastic bags but some are even worse for the environment. Other types of material such as paper, polypropylene, and cotton are used for making reusable bags but they are less environmentally friendly than hemp would be. Polypropylene is a polymer of propylene which is used to create fiber and can be turned into a durable grocery bag. These are standard reusable grocery bags (Hinsley 2016).

According to a study, paper, non-woven polypropylene, and cotton bags would need to be used 4, 14, and 173 times to make up for the waste they produce from production, packaging, transport, and end-of-life waste. This study also took into account how much waste was spared from recycled materials. Each of these bags has some carbon footprint and global warming potential based on the amount of CO2 is produced during the manufacturing and shipping process. While cotton is a biodegradable material, it has a global warming potential more than 10x greater than that of the other materials that were studied due to its high demand for water, pesticides, space (Kimmel, 2014).

Continuing to use petroleum-based plastic bags is irresponsible but we need to ensure we do not start using something that more negatively impacts our environment. The ban would probably have to start off small in order to ease people into this drastic, but necessary transition. Possibly starting off at the city or state level with an eventual nation-wide transition that will hopefully coerce other countries to do the same. People will take issue with this but since reusable shopping bags are very cheap to make and can be made with environmentally friendly materials, such as hemp, it will only cost each consumer presumably less than an average cotton tote bag because the production costs of hemp are so much lower (Kimmel, 2014). The price, however, would have to be government sanctioned to avoid any stores giving them out for free to monopolize customers and allowing people to just use reusable bags as single-use bags.

As for those who would like to see bioplastics and biodegradable plastics come in to play, they are also out of luck. Bioplastics are made out of plant fiber which is able to decompose in compost where they can oxidize and be carbon neutral. However, unless the waste from bioplastic is sent to a composting facility, they are not significantly better at breaking down than regular petroleum based plastic (Gibbens 2018). Biodegradable plastics on the other hand are made of petroleum like normal plastic, but they have different additives that allow them to decompose faster. The problem with these plastics is that when they decompose in landfills they produce methane gas which is many times more potent as a greenhouse gas than CO2. As well as the decomposition of these bioplastics, the production of these also cause more pollutants from the fertilization and pesticides needed in the growing process of the plants. Bioplastics take up much more land space in growing the crops, and produce even more pollutants when they undergo chemical processing to turn them into plastic materials such as plastic bags. However, in the case of the bioplastics themselves, and not the process of producing them, they produce less pollutants over their lifetime compared to normal plastic material (Columbia University). In a study conducted in 2017 showed that when switching from regular plastic to corn-based plastics cut greenhouse gas emissions by 25%. That being said, the process of growing and converting these crops into plastics is more negative when compared to normal plastic production (Daniel Posen et al.).

Those who would like to see paper bags make a comeback because they are biodegradable fail to realize the environmental cost of creating a paper bag. They require much more time, energy, and resources to produce giving them a larger carbon footprint than plastic or hemp. This leaves the need for reusable bags made out of environmentally friendly materials, like hemp, which takes much less time to grow, do not rely on pesticides, and does not require clear-cutting of forests.

Another argument against our proposal is that banning plastic bags will do nothing to decrease the amount of trash in the ocean, and that there is already so much plastic pollution in the ocean that there is no point to stopping now. Obviously things like this plastic bag ban take time to put into effect and even longer to see results, but people need to understand that we cannot continue to do this forever, and that the sooner we make the change the better off we and the planet and ocean will be. Alongside this ban there needs to be some type of cleanup effort to remove as much of the plastic as we can, and there are already efforts and new technology trying to do just that.

Our solution of banning plastic bags and mandating that reusable bags be used comes with a resistant audience who will take issue with this new policy. Banning plastic bags would be an inconvenience to many people who would rather just use a plastic bag for free rather than pay for a reusable one. There are also people who may wish to replace regular old petroleum-based plastic bags with bioplastic, petroleum-based biodegradable plastic bags, or even paper bags. These replacements come with issues that make them unsuited for filling the void that normal plastic bags currently fill.

Although there are many alternatives to using plastic and there are different ways in which we can limit plastic, it may not always be feasible or environmentally friendly. Yes, banning plastic bags will inconvenience people but it will ultimately save on resources. About 8% of the Earth’s oil is used to produce plastic and the amount of energy (derived from oil) to produce 12 plastic bags is enough to drive a car one mile (Larson 2014). Many cities and countries have already implemented these changes which shows that it is possible to ban plastic bags (Larson 2014).

 

 

Works Cited

 

Assadourian, Erik. (2010). “Opinion: To ban or to tax: That is the only question.” Worldwatch Institute. http://www.worldwatch.org/node/6450

 

Cho, Rene. “The Truth About Bioplastics”. (December, 2017). Columbia University 2017.

https://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2017/12/13/the-truth-about-bioplastics/

 

Daniel Posen et al. 2017.“Environmental Research Letters”. (March 2017). Cross Mark.

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/aa60a7/pdf


Gibbens, Sarah. (2018) “What You Need To Know About Plant-Based Plastics” National Geographic. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/11/are-bioplastics-made-from-plants-better-for-environment-ocean-plastic/

Green, D. S., Blockley, D. J., Bas, B., Carlos, R., & Richard, T. (2015). Impacts of discarded plastic bags on marine assemblages and ecosystem functioning. Environmental Science & Technology, 49(9), 5380-5389
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/ipdf/10.1021/acs.est.5b00277

 

Hinsley, Nana., “Polypropylene- Is It Different from Polyethylene?” (2016/5/1)

https://www.globalplasticsheeting.com/our-blog-resource-library/bid/92169/polypropylene-is-it-different-from-polyethylene

 

Hitching-Hales, James. (6/6/2018). India will ban all single-use plastics by 2022. Global Citizen. https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/india-plastic-ban-single-use-2022-modi-pollution-w/

 

Johansen, Robert., Harris, James M. “Crop Production 2015 Summary”. (2016)

https://www.usda.gov/nass/PUBS/TODAYRPT/cropan16.pdf

 

Johnson, Renee. “Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity” (2018) https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL32725.pdf.

 

Kimmel, Sc.D., Robert M., “Life Cycle Assessment of Grocery Bags in Common Use in the United States” (2014). Environment Studies. 6.
https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1006&context=cudp_environment

 

Larsen, Janet. “Plastic Bags Fact Sheet” (2014) Earth Policy Institute. http://www.earth-policy.org/mobile/releases/plastic_bags_fact_sheet

 

Liu, Ming., Thygesen, A., Summerscales, J., Meyer, A.S.. (2017). Targeted pre-treatment of hemp bast fibers for optimal performance in biocomposite materials: A review. Industrial Crops and Products. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669017304880?via%3Dihub.

 

Magra, Illiana. Whale is found with dead in Italy with 48 pounds of plastic in its stomach. (April 2, 2019) New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/02/world/europe/plastic-whale-dead-italy.html

 

National Conference of State Legislature. (2019). State and plastic bag legislation. http://www.ncsl.org/research/environment-and-natural-resources/plastic-bag-legislation.aspx

 

National Conference of State Legislature. (2019). State Industrial Hemp Status. http://www.ncsl.org/research/agriculture-and-rural-development/state-industrial-hemp-statutes.aspx.

Osborne, Samuel. Dead whale washes up on Indonesia beach with over 1,000 pieces of plastic in its stomach. (November 20, 2018). The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/dead-whale-plastic-stomach-indonesia-ocean-beach-kapota-usland-wakatobi-national-park-a8642731.html

Richards, Esther. “Factsheet Plastic Bags” (2008)

https://www.sprep.org/attachments/Publications/FactSheet/plasticbags.pdf

 

Santhanam Narasimhan. “How Did We Live Before Plastics Were Invented?” (2016)
http://www.cleantech.guide/p/108/

 

Schultz, Jennifer. Tyrrell, Kim. “State Plastic and Paper Bag Legislation”  (2019/4/5)

http://www.ncsl.org/research/environment-and-natural-resources/plastic-bag-legislation.aspx

 

Scientific American. Do plastic bag bans work?. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/do-plastic-bag-bans-work/

 

United Nations Environmental Programme. (2016). Marine Plastic Debris and Microplastics: Global lessons and research to inspire action and guide policy change.

 

The Ocean Cleanup. (2019). The Great Pacific Garbage Patch. The Ocean Cleanup. https://www.theoceancleanup.com/great-pacific-garbage-patch/

 

United States Department of Agriculture. (January 2016). Crop Production 2015 Summary. https://www.usda.gov/nass/PUBS/TODAYRPT/cropan16.pdf.

 

Daniel Posen et al. 2017.“Environmental Research Letters”. (March 2017). Cross Mark.

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/aa60a7/pdf

Victor, Daniel. Dead whale found with 88 pounds of plastic inside body in the Philippines. (March 18, 2019). New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/18/world/asia/whale-plastics-philippines.html

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    The Ultimate CBD Edibles Guide

    Also known as cannabinoids, CBD refers to hemp content contained in the cannabis plant. Along with other cannabinoids, CBD takes the lion share of the cannabis herb. People can use cannabinoids in various ways when it is extracted from the cannabis herb, but this depends on what it contains. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD are the famous cannabinoids, and each has different effects.

    The Difference between THC and CBD

    THC edibles differ from CBD edibles in a few ways. First, CBD edibles are legal according to federal law. However, CBD edibles may sometimes contain low traces of THC, but it should not exceed 0.3 percent, which is the required threshold. Contrary, THC is known for its high effect, which people often associate with cannabis sativa, a plant species under the family of cannabis plants. Another plant species under this family is hemp. CBD doesn’t induce the body and high mind-altering effects that are associated with THC. Instead, CBD extracts are obtained from the hemp herb, which is legal in many states. You can either vape, take orally, or put CBD topically. The exciting thing is that CBD doesn’t come with the psychotropic effect that THC is known for. The impact of THC on the mind and body are quite different, and state and federal law prohibits growing in many places. Though a few countries have already legalized the THC aspect for recreational purposes, many states are still yet to approve it.

    CBD edibles are associated with energy and mood uplift. Edibles such as CBD cookies and chocolates are known for relieving stress and a variety of ailments. CBD edibles are a viable option for people with chronic conditions, where constant use of pain killers can impact their health negatively. It isn’t associated with the addictive qualities that various pharmaceuticals, such as THC contains, and it can even be used as a remedy for someone addicted to THC. Research has so far found little side effects of CBD edibles, and the benefits of its medicinal purposes are unmatched. In essence, CBD edibles are a natural option to relieve a set of mind and body-altering ailments.

    What are the Uses of CBD Edibles?

    You can use CBD edibles for various reasons. One way is that it has been used as a remedy to ailments such as inflammation, epilepsy, nerve pain, chronic pain, depression, symptoms of anxiety, and insomnia. Whether it is in the form of edible, vape as an oil, or take it topically as a lotion, CBD can be administered in different ways. CBD edibles are available in a wide range of form, including cooking oils, baked goods, and gummies. The popularity and rise of CBD continue to grow as people enjoy its benefits.

    How Can Someone Enjoy CBD Edibles?

    There are a set of different options for administering CBD edibles. It can be taken in the form of baked goods, capsules, pill, oils, or gummies. CBD edibles are safe for humans and pet purposes. Here are a few ways of taking CBD edibles.

    CBD Capsules and Pills

    Capsules and pills are similar to taking prescription drugs, and it is a great route to consider if you have no issue with CBD edibles. CBD pills and capsules intake occurs in the same fashion as with capsule and medication vitamins. Just take the tablet or pill orally and give it time for its effects to manifest.

    CBD Gummies

    Taking CBD in the form of gummies is one of the best ways to enjoy CBD edibles. Plenty of CBD gummies flavors are available, and some are reminiscent of the candy that you grew up enjoying.

    CBD Cooing Oil

    Not all CBD oils are taken through vaping. Some come in the form of oil, where users can put a few drops in the mouth and consume them orally. Others are in the form of cooking oil, which people can use for cooking sweet dishes and savory.

    CBD Edibles for Pets

    CBD Oil For Cats

    Injecting puppies and kittens with CBD hardly comes to our thoughts. However, recent studies have found that CBD edibles can improve the health of dogs and cats immensely. That’s because animals have the same endocannabinoid system like the one found in humans, and binding it with CBD edibles can help relieve anxiety and pain in animals as well. Pet owners whose dogs have been ailing for a while should consider administering CBD oil to help alleviate the pain and speed up recovery.

    CBD Oil For Dogs

    Of course, we crave for baked cakes, and CBD cookies come in that form. Get treats such as brownies and cookies to take your CBD experience to another level.

    Tips for taking CBD Edibles

    There are a few tricks to keep in mind when taking CBD edibles.

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    Give the CBD time to work after having a heavy meal.

    How to Choose the Right CBD Product or Edible?

    Finding the right CBD edible is all about needs and preferences. It is up to the users to decide how quickly they would want the effects of their edibles to manifest. For example, CBD taken in an edible form can take longer to kick in because it depends on the kind of food and your digestion, but its effects are quicker when it is taken as a pill. It is up to you as well to determine whether you want something with fewer calories and sugary such as cookies and gummies. Another thing to consider when shopping for CBD is that the dosages of some edibles are higher than others. First, find out about whatever ailment you are trying to alleviate before picking your edibles. Some edibles or dosages work better for anxiety than others, while others are ideal for chronic issues and muscular pain. CBD lotions, Salve, and Cream are other options for taking CBD. You can apply Salve and Cream on a swollen or injured body part for alleviating pain. Though this is an alternative to utilizing CBD in edibles, capsules, and vaping, it still bears fruits when applied as stipulated. It is an option that users can use daily to alleviate chronic pain and handle stretch marks that are ailing them. Researching the available CBD products and which works the best for you can enable you to make the right decision for whatever CBD product or edible you would want to use.

    How CBD Edibles Work

    You first have to understand how the endocannabinoid system in the human body works to know how the effects of CBD edibles kick in. Also known as ECS, the endocannabinoid system is a biological system within the human body, and it comprises of lipid-based neurotransmitters. Its role is to bind to the receptors of cannabinoids that are scattered throughout the central nervous system. The endocannabinoid system produces cannabinoids to regulate different aspects of the nervous system as well as inflammation in human beings. It can help regulate ailments, epilepsy, and pain. Cannabinoids occur in our bodies naturally, but boosting our organs with an external cannabinoid from CBD edibles can increase the positive effects within the endocannabinoid system. The role of the endocannabinoid system isn’t only to respond to internal cannabinoids, but the external cannabinoids as well. Response to external cannabinoids that come in the form of CBD edibles can help mediate inflammation and chronic pain. Science and different studies back up the benefits of CBD edibles, and it is one of the few available natural remedies.

    Edibles vs. Vaping CBD

    CBD products are also available for use in vaporizers, but that depends on personal preferences. Some people prefer smoking while others use to take their CBD products in vape pens. Others may want to control their CBD intake by smoking instead of taking in the form of edibles. Taking CBD products in vape pens allows the effects to hit in a little quicker than taking them in the form of edibles. Vaping is a viable option for someone who would not want to wait for minutes or hours for the effects of CBD to kick in after eating. However, both edibles and vaping are discreet in a way, and the CBD will have the same results as long as the dosage remains the same.

    Incredible Benefits of CBD Edibles

    Long-Lasting Relief

    CBD edibles have several benefits over gummies and CBD inhaled with vape pens. It can take a while for CBD edibles to take effect, but the results can last longer than vaping or smoking. CBD edibles combine the active compound of cannabinoids with other foodstuffs for better results. The digestive system releases CBD slowly as digestion takes place. The results might take longer to manifest, but they are long-lasting.

    Non-Psychotropic Effects

    Of course, CBD is a compound of the cannabis sativa plant, but many people are surprised to find out that its psychotropic effects aren’t as high as THC. Instead, it offers users a sense of alerted energy and mellow mood uplift. Given its long-lasting nature, cookies and brownies infused with CBD can provide prolonged relief from everyday stressors and mild pains. It is an excellent option for anyone who would want to enjoy the effects of cannabis without any side effects.

    Easy to Make

    Though some prefer making infused cooking oils and cannabutter, CBD edibles such as brownies and cookies are simple to make. You can even add CBD extracts to baked and cooked foods for an antioxidant boost. However, note that the effects of isolated CBD are less effective compared to the cannabis plant. You can now find CBD crystals made with isolated and purified CBD online and in access points. CBD edibles are easy to dose and can give a user more control over their CBD intake.

    Less Risk of Lung Irritation

    Vape pens have become popular than ever, but their long-term implication is still yet to be determined. Thinning agents such as polyethylene and propylene glycol are also present in many vape pens. Research suggests that heating these thinning agents to temperatures above 224℃ can produce toxic carcinogens. Vape pens that don’t contain these thinning agents are available, but CBD edibles are an excellent option to avoid poisonous compounds.

    General Remedy

    Researchers suggest that care physicians can use CBD in medicine. Several CBD-infused drugs have already proved successful in treating ailments, epilepsy, and pain in clinical trials. CBD doesn’t benefit people with chronic conditions only, but anyone else who consume it as well. However, it may not work well for people with ailments related to first-aid. Research has found that some CBD edibles work the same as over-the-counter remedies, and their side effects aren’t as harsh as some of the pharmaceutical drugs.

    Discreet

    Some CBD forms are impractical or cumbersome. You could be using a large vape pen, and pulling it out in public may sometimes not be convenient. People who would want to boost their focus during the workday or relieve pain during a long flight can consider bringing with them a CBD gummy.

    Available Online

    Online availability is another benefit of CBD edibles. Though regulations on CBD products are little strict, online CBD vendors across the United States can sell their products online and ship them anywhere. You can also find CBD products in a handful of European nations. Those edibles that are sold online are derived from the hemp plant. People often refer to cannabis when discussing a variety of plants that can produce THC. The hemp plant was used for seed and fiber, but it is now being applied to low-THC and high-CBD cannabis cultivars. Any cannabis with as low as 0.3 percent THC, which is the required threshold is considered hemp in the United States. Hemp products sold online contain less than 0.3 percent THC.

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