Please see Research Gate for latest publications

* indicates student authors


Ray, P., and Brown, C. (2015). Confronting Climate Uncertainty in Water Resources Planning and Project Design ‐ the Decision Tree Framework. World Bank Group Press, Washington, DC.

Brown, C.M. and M.N. Ward (2013) Managing Climate Risk in Water Supply Systems. IWA Publishing. ISBN: 9781780400587, 168 pp.

Peer Reviewed Publications

Ray, P. A., Bonzanigo, L., Wi, S., Yang, Y. C. E., Karki, P., García, L. E., … & Brown, C. M. (2018). Multidimensional stress test for hydropower investments facing climate, geophysical and financial uncertainty. Global Environmental Change48, 168-181.

François, B., Hingray, B., Borga, M., Zoccatelli, D., Brown, C., & Creutin, J. D. (2018). Impact of Climate Change on Combined Solar and Run-of-River Power in Northern Italy. Energies11(2), 290.

Wi, S., Ray, P., Demaria, E. M., Steinschneider, S., & Brown, C. (2017). A user-friendly software package for VIC hydrologic model development. Environmental Modelling & Software98, 35-53.

Schlef, K. E., Steinschneider, S., & Brown, C. M. (2017). Spatiotemporal Impacts of Climate and Demand on Water Supply in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint Basin. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management144(2), 05017020.

Khan, H. F., Morzuch, B. J., & Brown, C. M. (2017). Water and growth: An econometric analysis of climate and policy impacts. Water Resources Research.

Meyer, E. S., Characklis, G. W., & Brown, C. (2017). Evaluating financial risk management strategies under climate change for hydropower producers on the Great Lakes. Water Resources Research53(3), 2114-2132.

Taner, M. Ü., Ray, P., & Brown, C. (2017). Robustness-based evaluation of hydropower infrastructure design under climate change. Climate Risk Management18, 34-50.

Spence, C. M., and C. M. Brown (2016), Nonstationary decision model for flood risk decision scaling, Water Resour. Res., 52, 8650–8667, doi:10.1002/2016WR018981.

Whateley S., and C.M Brown (2016), Assessing the relative effects of emissions, climate means, and variability on large water supply systems, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43,

Whateley, S., Steinschneider, S., & Brown, C. (2016). Selecting Stochastic Climate Realizations to Efficiently Explore a Wide Range of Climate Risk to Water Resource Systems. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management142(6), 06016002.

Gallagher, L., Laflaive, X., Zaeske, A., Brown, C., Lange, G. M., Ahlroth, S., … & Bahri, A. (2016). Embracing risk, uncertainty and water allocation reform when planning for green growth. Aquatic Procedia6, 23-29.

Yang, Y. E., Wi, S., Ray, P. A., Brown, C. M., & Khalil, A. F. (2016). The future nexus of the Brahmaputra River Basin: Climate, water, energy and food trajectories. Global Environmental Change37, 16-30.

Yang, Y., Ringler, C., Brown, C., and Mondal, M. (2016). “Modeling the Agricultural Water–Energy–Food Nexus in the Indus River Basin, Pakistan.” J. Water Resour. Plann. Manage. , 10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000710 , 04016062.

Brown, C. M., Lund, J. R., Cai, X., Reed, P. M., Zagona, E. A., Ostfeld, A., … & Brekke, L. (2015). The future of water resources systems analysis: Toward a scientific framework for sustainable water management. Water Resources Research51(8), 6110-6124.

Meyer, E. S., Characklis, G. W., Brown, C., & Moody, P. (2016). Hedging the financial risk from water scarcity for Great Lakes shipping. Water Resources Research.

Ray, P. A., Yang, Y. C. E., Wi, S., Khalil, A., Chatikavanij, V., & Brown, C. (2015). Room for improvement: Hydroclimatic challenges to poverty-reducing development of the Brahmaputra River basin. Environmental Science & Policy54, 64-80.

Hossain, F., Arnold, J., Beighley, E., Brown, C., Burian, S., Chen, J., … & Wegner, D. (2015). What Do Experienced Water Managers Think of Water Resources of Our Nation and Its Management Infrastructure?. PloS one,10(11), e0142073.

Rossi, N., DeCristofaro, L., Steinschneider, S., Brown, C., & Palmer, R. (2015). Potential Impacts of Changes in Climate on Turbidity in New York City’s Ashokan Reservoir. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management142(3), 04015066.

Steinschneider, S., McCrary, R., Mearns, L., and C. Brown. (2015) The effects of climate model similarity on probabilistic climate projections and the implications for local, risk-based adaptation planning, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 5014–5022, doi:10.1002/

Steinschneider, S., McCrary, R., Wi, S., Mulligan, K., Mearns, L. O., & Brown, C. (2015). Expanded Decision-Scaling Framework to Select Robust Long-Term Water-System Plans under Hydroclimatic Uncertainties. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 04015023.

Poff, L., Brown, C., et al. (2015) Eco-engineering decision scaling for sustainable water management under future hydrologic uncertainty, Nature Climate Change doi:10.1038/nclimate2765.

Whateley, S., Walker, J. D., & Brown, C. (2015). A web-based screening model for climate risk to water supply systems in the northeastern United States. Environmental Modelling & Software73, 64-75.

Yang, Y-C., P. Ray, C. Brown, W. Yu, A. Khalil, (2015) “Estimation of flood damage functions for river basin planning – A case study in Bangladesh” Natural Hazards, doi:10.1007/s11069-014-1459-y

Steinschneider S., Wi S. and Brown C. (2014), “The integrated effects of climate and hydrologic uncertainty on future flood risk assessments,” Hydrol. Process., doi: 10.1002/hyp.10409

Whateley, S., S. Steinschneider, and C. Brown, (2014) “A climate change range-based method for estimating robustness for water resources supply,” Water Resources Research, DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015956

Hall, J. W., D. Grey, D. Garrick, F. Fung, C. Brown, S.J. Dadson, C.W. Sadoff, (2014) “Coping with the Curse of Variability: Adaptation Pathways to Water Security,” Science 346 (6208), 429-430.

S Wi, YCE Yang, S Steinschneider, A Khalil, CM Brown, (2015) “Calibration approaches for distributed hydrologic models using high performance computing: implication for streamflow projections under climate change,” Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2015.

Yang, Y-C., C. Brown, W. Yu, J. Wescoat Jr, and C. Ringler, (2014) “Water Governance and adaptation to climate change in the Indus River Basin” Journal of Hydrology, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.08.055

Ghile, Y., P. Moody and C. Brown, (2014) “Paleo-reconstructed Net Basin Supply Scenarios and their effect on levels in the Upper Great Lakes” Climatic Change doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1251-8.

Whateley, S., Palmer, R., and Brown, C. (2014). “Seasonal Hydroclimatic Forecasts as Innovations and the Challenges of Adoption by Water Managers.” J. Water Resour. Plann. Manage. , 10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000466

Guswa, Andrew J., K. A. Brauman, C. Brown, P. Hamel, B. L. Keeler, and S.S. Sayre, (2014) “Ecosystem services: Challenges and opportunities for hydrologic modeling to support decision making,” Water Resources Research, 50(5), 4535-4544, doi:10.1002/2014WR015497.

Ghile, Y.B., M.U. Taner., C.M. Brown, and J.G. Grijsen, (2014) “Bottom-up climate risk assessment of infrastructure investment in the Niger River Basin,” Climatic Change 122 (1-2), 97-11).

Steinschneider, S., Y-C. Yang, C.M. Brown, (2014) “Combining regression and spatial proximity for catchment model regionalization: a comparative study,” Hydrologic Sciences Journal  DOI:10.1080/02626667.2014.899701

Mulligan, K. B., C. Brown, Y.-C. E. Yang, and D. P. Ahlfeld (2014), “Assessing groundwater policy with coupled economic-groundwater hydrologic modeling,” Water Resour. Res., 50, doi:10.1002/2013WR013666.

Brown, C., Meeks, R., Ghile, Y. and K. Hunu (2013) “Does Water Security Matter? An empirical analysis of the effects of climate variables on national level economic growth. Philosophical Transactions A, doi: 10.1098/rsta.2012. vol. 371 no. 2002 20120416.

Yang, Y. C. E., Brown, C. M., Yu, W. H. and Savitsky, A.(2013). An Introduction to IBMR – A Hydro-Economic Model for the Climate Change Impact Assessment in the Indus River in Pakistan. Water International, 38(5): 632-650.

Steinschneider and Brown (2013) “A semiparametric multivariate, multi-site weather generator with low-frequency variability for use in climate risk assessments” Water Resouces Research.

Moody, P. and C. Brown (2013), “Robustness Indicators for Evaluation Under Climate Change: Application to the Upper Great Lakes” Water Resources Research.

Homa, E., C. Brown, K. McGarigal, B. Compton, and S. Jackson, (2013) “Estimating hydrologic alteration from basin characteristics in Massachusetts,” Journal of Hydrology.

Steinschneider, S., Y-C. Yang, C.M. Brown, (2013) “Panel regression techniques for identifying impacts of anthropogenic landscape change on hydrologic response,” Water Resources Research.

Weaver, C., R. Lempert, C. Brown, J. Hall, D. Revell, D. Sarewitz, (2013) “Improving the contribution of climate model information to decision making: the value and demands of robust decision frameworks” WIREs Clim Change 2013, 4:39–60. doi: 10.1002/wcc.202

Steinschneider, S., A. Polebitski, C. Brown and B. Letcher, (2012) “A statistical framework to test the significance of hydrologic alteration under future climate scenarios” Water Resour. Res., 48, W11525, doi:10.1029/2011WR011318

Ward, M.N., C. Brown, K. Baraong, Y. Khalil, (2012) “Reservoir performance and dynamic management under plausible assumptions of future climate over seasons to decades” Climatic Change, doi: 10.1007/s10584-012-0616-0.

Steinschneider, S. and C. Brown (2012), Forecast-informed low-flow frequency analysis in a Bayesian framework for the northeastern United States, Water Resour. Res., 48, W10545, doi:10.1029/ 2012WR011860.

Moody, P. and C. Brown (2012), Modeling stakeholder-defined climate risk on the Upper Great Lakes, Water Resources Research, 48, W10524, doi:10.1029/2012WR012497.

Brown, C. and R. L. Wilby (2012), An alternate approach to assessing climate risks, Eos Trans. AGU, 93(41), 401, doi:10.1029/2012EO410001.

Brown, C., Y. Ghile, M. Laverty, K. Li, (2012) “Decision Scaling: Linking bottom-up vulnerability analysis with climate projections in the water sector” Water Resources Research 48, W09537, doi:10.1029/2011WR011212.

Steinschneider, S. and C. Brown (2012) “Dynamic reservoir management with real options risk hedging as a robust adaptation to nonstationary climate” Water Resources Research, 48, W05524, doi:10.1029/2011WR011540.

Steinschneider, S. and Brown, C. (2011) “Influences of North Atlantic climate variability on low-flows in the Connecticut River Basin” Journal of Hydrology, 409, 212-224.

Brown, C., Werick, W., Fay, D., and Leger, W. (2011) “A Decision Analytic Approach to Managing Climate Risks – Application to the Upper Great Lakes” Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 47, 3, doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00552.x.

Brown, C., Meeks, R., Hunu, K., and Yu, W. (2010). “Hydroclimatic risk to economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa” Climatic Change, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-010-9956-9.

Ghile, Y., Schulze, R. and Brown, C. (2010). Evaluating the performance of ground-based and remotely sensed near real-time rainfall fields from a hydrologic perspective. Hydrologic Sciences Journal, 55(4), 497 – 511.

Souza Filho, F.A., and Brown, C. (2009). “Performance of water policy reforms under scarcity conditions: a case study in northeast Brazil.” Water Policy 11, 553-358.

Kwon, H-H., Brown, C. , Xu, K., and Lall, U. (2009). “Seasonal and annual maximum streamflow forecasting using climate information: application to the Three Gorges dam in the Yangtze River basin.” Hydrologic Sciences Journal 54(3) 582 – 595.

Westra, S., Brown, C., Lall, U., Koch, I., and Sharma, A.  (2009). “Interpreting variability in global SST data using independent component analysis and principal component analysis.” International Journal of Climatology, DOI: 10.1002/joc.1888.

Lall, U., Heikkila, T., Brown, C. and Siegfried, T. (2008).  “Water in the 21st Century:  Defining the elements of global crises and potential solutions.”  Journal of International Affairs, 61, 2, 1-17.

Kwon, H-H., Brown, C., and Lall, U. (2008). “Climate informed flood frequency analysis and prediction in Montana using hierarchical bayesian modeling.” Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L05404, DOI:10.1029/2007GL032220.

Westra, S., Sharma, A., Brown, C., and Lall, U. (2008). “Multivariate streamflow forecasting using independent component analysis.” Water Resources Research, 44, W02437, DOI:10.1029/2007WR006104.

Brown, C., and Carriquiry, M. (2007). “Managing hydroclimatic risk with option contracts and reservoir index insurance.” Water Resources Research, 43, W11423, DOI:10.1029/2007WR006093.

Westra, S., Brown, C., Sharma, A., and Lall, U. (2007). “Modeling multivariable hydrological series: Principal component analysis or independent component analysis?” Water Resources Research, 43, W06429, DOI:10.1029/2006WR005617.

Brown, C., and Lall, U. (2006) “Water and economic development:  The role of variability and a framework for resilience,” Natural Resources Forum, 30: 4, 306 – 317, DOI:10.1111/j.1477-8947.2006.00118.

Xu, K., Brown, C., Kwon, H-H., Lall, U., Zhang, J., Hayashi, S., and Chen, Z. (2006) “Climate teleconnections to Yangtze River seasonal streamflow at the Three Gorges Dam, China,” International Journal of Climatology, DOI: 10.1002/joc.1439.

Brown, C., and Rogers, P. (2006). “Effect of forecast-based pricing on irrigated agriculture: a simulation,” ASCE Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 122, 6, pp. 403-413.

Brown, C., Lall, U. and Rogers, P. (2006). “Demand management of groundwater with monsoon forecasting,” Agricultural Systems, 90, 293 – 311.

Brown, C., and Holcomb, A. (2004). “In pursuit of the millennium development goals in water and sanitation,” Water Policy, 6, 263 – 266.


Brown, C. (in press). “The End of Reliability.” ASCE Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 136, No. 3, 2010 (May/June 2010).

Salas, J., Rajagopalan, B., Saito, L., and Brown, C. (2012) “Nonstationarity and Water Resources Management.” ASCE Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 138, No. 6, 2012( Sept/Oct 2012).


Hallegatte, S., Shah, A., Lempert, R., Brown, C., and S. Gill (2012) “Investment Decision Making under Deep Uncertainty:  Application to Climate Change. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper #6193.

Brown, C. (2011) “Decision-scaling for robust planning and policy under climate uncertainty.” World Resources Report, Washington DC. Available online at

Brown, C., Meeks, R., Ghile, Y. and K. Hunu (2009) “An empirical analysis of the effects of climate variables on national level economic growth.” Background paper for the World Bank World Development Report.

Brown, C. and Ghile, Y. (2009) “Review of general circulation models and downscaling techniques.” Report to the Electric Power Research Institute.

Brown, C., and Hansen, J. (2008). “Agricultural water management and climate risk.” IRI Technical Report No. 08-01.  International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Palisades, NY, USA. 19 pp.

Brown, C. A. Greene, P. Block, A. Giannini (2008). Review of Downscaling Methodologies for Africa Climate Applications. IRI Technical Report 08-05. International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Palisades, NY, USA. 31 pp.

Brown, C., Meeks, R., Hunu, K., and Yu, W. (2008). “Hydroclimatic risk to economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa.”  IRI Technical Report No. 08-03.  International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Palisades, NY, USA. 39 pp.

Brown, C., Domeisen, D., Meeks, R., Hunu, K., and Yu, W. (2008). “Exploring the effect of hydroclimatic variability on economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: a water security index.”  IRI Technical Report No. 08-04.  International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Palisades, NY, USA. 39 pp.

Book Chapters

Rajagopalan, R. and C. Brown (in press). Chapter Four: The State of the Resource. In: UNESCO: World Water Development Report IV, United Nations Press.

Brown, C., (2012). Water, Ecosystems and Poverty: Roadmap for the coming challenge in Integrating Ecology and Poverty Reduction, Carter Ingram et al. (eds), Springer, New York, 444 pp.

Brown, C., (2012). Introduction to Water, Poverty, and Ecology: A Vision for Sustainability in Integrating Ecology and Poverty Reduction, Carter Ingram et al. (eds), Springer, New York, 444 pp.

Brown, C. and K. M. Baroang, 2011: Risk Assessment, Risk Management, and Communication: Methods for Climate Variability and Change, in Treatise on Water Science, Wilderer, P., Ed., Vol. 1, Elsevier, 189-199, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-53199-5.00018-X.

Brown, C., Conrad, E., Sankarasubramanian, A., Someshwar, S. (2009) “The use of seasonal climate forecasts within a shared reservoir system: The case of Angat reservoir, Philippines.” in Climate Change Adaptation in the Water Sector eds. Ludwig et al., Earthscan, London, 274 pp.

Brown, C. (2008). “Emergent Sustainability: The concept of sustainable development in a complex world” (Chap 7) in Globalization and Environmental Challenges Vol 3., eds. H.G. Brauch et al., Springer Berlin Heidelberg.