Daily Archives: April 30, 2013

Owusu-Danso receives two fellowships

Theresa Owusu-Danso

Theresa Owusu-Danso

UMass Amherst Department of Economics PhD student Theresa Owusu-Danso is the recipient of two fellowships, a dissertation fellowship awarded by the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) and an international fellowship awarded by the American Association of University Women (AAUW). Owusu-Danso’s dissertation is titled, “Microfinance, Household Indebtedness and Gender Inequality” and the awards from the AERC and AAUW will support her field work which involves a survey of households and microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Ghana during April-June, 2013.

Owusu-Danso’s key research objectives include examining the impact of access to credit from MFIs on poor households’ balance sheet; investigating whether MFI credit (its conditions and use) may contribute to households’ financial distress; assessing the impact of access to microcredit on intra-household inequality, specifically how men and women are affected differently by their access to credit from MFIs; and ascertaining factors influencing the high repayments of loans contracted from MFIs and how these relate to household productivity.

Owusu-Danso’s research is highly relevant for economic development policy in Ghana (and in other African countries as well) where a critical challenge to poverty reduction and gender equity is lack of access to finance. Her study makes a unique contribution to the literature in this area by investigating whether access to credit from MFIs may actually cause a financial burden on the poor households and therefore worsen, rather than improve, their well-being. Most of the research in this area has primarily focused on access to credit by the poor and by women. Her study is pertinent given the fact that MFI loans are generally much more expensive (higher interest rates) than loans from banks. Thus, MFI credit may not necessarily be an unmitigated blessing for the poor and for women. Owusu-Danso’s research will shed light on this important question.

Pollin: US has lowest minimum wage and most unemployed youth of wealthy nations

Robert Pollin, UMass Amherst professor of economics and co-founder of the Political Economy Research Institute (PERI), was interviewed by The Real News Network regarding the U.S. minimum wage and youth without jobs.

The minimum wage in the country right now, at $7.25 an hour, is about $3 an hour–more than $3 an hour below what it actually was in 1968 in this country. In 1968 in this country, the minimum wage, after we properly adjust for inflation, was $10.65 an hour. That means in 1968–let’s take a young girl in Texas walking into her job at McDonald’s on the first day. Legally she would have to have been paid $10.65 an hour. That’s in 1968. So the proposal by Congressman Alan Grayson is basically just to bring the United States minimum wage today back to where it was in 1968.