annotation guidelines Fall 18

1. Cite the source using standard citation form (see below)  Here’s an example for a YouTube video:  Jon Stewart. (2015, July 12).  Stadiums: Last Week Tonight with Jon Stewart. Video posted to

2.  Summary sentence that describes the contents of the information source.  An example for the above video:  “Jon Stewart offers a trenchant, comedic critique of the standard practice whereby sports teams demand massive taxpayer subsidies to build stadiums that often have little if any net benefits for the host community.”

IN DRAFTING THIS SENTENCE, AVOID BEGINNING WITH “THIS ARTICLE …” OR “THIS MEDIA SOURCE…”  That information is already contained in the citation form.  For an annotated bibliography that avoids such redundancies see: SOURCES – JACQUELINE POLLOCK

  1.  Another sentence (or two) that responds to media literacy question #3:  Are root causes and root solutions considered?  Are advocates and strategies for change represented?  An example for the stadiums subsidy video:  “Interviews with local politicians and activists in different parts of the country convey their efforts to challenge the massive payoffs to mega-rich sports moguls.  They describe a long-term impact: decades-long debt starves communities of resources for public services.”
  2.  In a separate sentence(s), work to include important data, ideas, trends relevant to the topic.  For the stadiums subsidy video, this could include details of the subsidies teams receive vs. the profits they make, e.g.  “While the residents of Miami-Dade are paying $2.6 billion for a stadium hosting a mediocre ball club, Jeff Loria scored big with a $1.2 billion sale on a team he bought for $158 million.  This is instead of the money going to sorely-needed resources for youth.
  3.  Once you’ve done the annotations, write a paragraph summarizing what you’ve found, your thoughts, questions, and possible follow-up directions.
  4.  Write in your words. Don’t copy & paste, i.e. plagiarize.
  5.  Bring to class as a paper document.

APA reference style for electronic sources  

General APA style: authors are named last name followed by initials; publication year goes between parentheses, followed by a period. The title of the article is in sentence-case, meaning only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized. The periodical title is run in title case, and is followed by the volume number which, with the title, is also italicized or underlined.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Online articles follow the same guidelines for printed articles. Include all information the online host makes available, including an issue number in parentheses. Provide a retrieval date only if the information is likely to be updated or changed at a later date (as in the case of blogs and wikis). Since many online periodicals appear in their “final” form, a retrieval date is not necessary.

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Retrieved month day, year, (if necessary) from

Bernstein, M. (2002). 10 tips on writing the living Web. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites, 149. Retrieved May 2, 2006, from

Blog & Video Blog Posts

Dean, J. (2008, May 7). When the self emerges: Is that me in the mirror? Message posted to

the1sttransport. (2004, September 26).  Psychology Video Blog #3 [Video File]. Video posted to

For more information on APA reference style for electronic sources: