annotated bibliography


  • Research your YDEI topic searching for sources of merit to recommend to others.
  • Platforms to search:  library databases, scholarly articles, online information, videos, blogs, social media, advocacy sites, library collections, i.e. books.
  • Summarize the source in at least five sentences:
    • General overview in strong opening sentence
    • Some specific information
    • Assessment of sources; this includes applying media literacy questions: sources/voices/point of view; context-root causes; alternatives-root solutions;  not all questions may apply but use as framework for evaluating the source.
  • See Review Purdue Annotated Bibliographies guidelines including Definitions  and download Example APA Annotated Bibliography
  • Opening sentence should summarize the central theme of the source.  Where possible, avoid beginning with “This article…”  Rather, write a statement that captures the article’s meaning, e.g. “The way in which the major ticket-selling company, Ticketmaster, cornered the event ticketing industry is researched, analyzed, and criticized.
  • “For an example of an annotated bibliography see SOURCES – JACQUELINE POLLOCK at
  • Write in your words. Don’t copy & paste, i.e. plagiarize.
  • Use standard APA citation form (below) in creating this reference list on your topic.
  • Bring to class as a paper document.

 APA reference style for electronic sources

APA style: authors are named last name followed by initials; publication year goes between parentheses, followed by a period. The title of the article is in sentence-case, meaning only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized. The periodical title is run in title case, and is followed by the volume number which, with the title, is also italicized or underlined.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Online articles follow the same guidelines for printed articles. Include all information the online host makes available, including an issue number in parentheses. Provide a retrieval date only if the information is likely to be updated or changed at a later date (as in the case of blogs and wikis). Since many online periodicals appear in their “final” form, a retrieval date is not necessary.

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Retrieved month day, year, (if necessary) from

Bernstein, M. (2002). 10 tips on writing the living Web. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites, 149. Retrieved May 2, 2006, from 

Blog & Video Blog Posts

Dean, J. (2008, May 7). When the self emerges: Is that me in the mirror? Message posted to

the1sttransport. (2004, September 26). Psychology Video Blog #3 [Video File]. Video posted to

For more information on APA reference style for electronic sources: